Cannabis flowers at a glance

The most important thing on the topic

What are cannabis flowers?

Learn more about the origins of cannabis flowers and its bioactive compounds.

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Different types of cannabis flowers

Learn what types of cannabis flowers there are and what their special features are.

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How can cannabis flowers be consumed?

Cannabis flowers can be consumed in different ways. In this section we explain how extensive the options are.

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Effects of cannabis flowers

Cannabis flowers have a complex composition. Find out more about how it works, depending on the structure of the cannabis flowers.

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What are cannabis flowers?

Cannabis flowers are the dried and flowering parts of the Cannabis sativa plant. Used for both medicinal and ritual purposes for thousands of years, this plant produces complex compounds known as cannabinoids. The flowers contain the highest concentration of these cannabinoids, particularly tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), which are responsible for most of the plant's pharmacological properties.

Cannabis flowers differ in their composition, shape and color depending on the plant variety. These strains are often divided into two main categories: Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. Both have their own characteristic features and effect profiles.

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The flowers themselves are usually dense and sticky. They can also have a variety of colors such as green, purple or black. The sticky texture comes from the trichomes - microscopic, hair-like structures that contain high levels of cannabinoids and terpenes, the chemical compounds responsible for the plant's aroma and effects.

Cannabis flowers can produce various cannabinoids. In plant biology, flowers play a central role in the reproduction of the cannabis plant. Female plants produce the flowers that are commonly used. Male plants, on the other hand, release pollen to pollinate female plants. However, female plants are predominantly used to grow cannabinoids because they have a higher concentration of active ingredients.

In addition, cannabis flowers also contain other important bioactive compounds such as flavonoids and terpenes. Terpenes are responsible for the unique aroma of cannabis flowers and may contribute to the overall effects of cannabinoids. This phenomenon is often referred to as the “entourage effect.” In summary, cannabis flowers are a central component of the Cannabis sativa plant and are rich in a variety of chemical compounds, whose potential and effects continue to be the subject of intensive research. It is important to emphasize that the consumption of cannabis flowers and their effects can vary from person to person and that the legal situation regarding cannabis varies widely around the world.

Accessories for all cannabis strains

Different types of cannabis flowers

Cannabis, a genus of plants in the Cannabaceae family, includes several species, each with its own distinctive properties. The best known are Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and hybrid varieties.

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Sativa plants

Cannabis sativa plants are known for their long, slender leaves and relatively tall height. They prefer to grow in warm climates and have a longer flowering period than indica plants.

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Indica plants

Cannabis indica plants, unlike sativa plants, are typically shorter, bushier, and have broader leaves. They are known for their shorter growing and flowering times and thrive in cooler climates.

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Hybrid plant breeding

Hybrids are crosses between sativa and indica strains. Breeders develop these hybrids to optimize certain characteristics such as growth patterns, potency, and the ratio of cannabinoids. Hybrids can have a mix of the characteristics of both parent plants, offering a wide range of effects and growing advantages. Some hybrids are sativa dominant, others are indica dominant, and others offer a balance of the two.

Overview of the most important cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds found in cannabis flowers and are responsible for a variety of its effects. Over 100 different cannabinoids have been identified, but the most thoroughly researched and well-known are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol): THC is said to be the best-known cannabinoid and contributes to the psychoactive effects of cannabis.

CBD (Cannabidiol): CBD is another prominent cannabinoid known for its non-psychoactive properties.

In addition to THC and CBD, there are other cannabinoids such as cannabinol (CBN), cannabigerol (CBG) and tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), which are found in smaller quantities in cannabis flowers. Each of these cannabinoids has unique properties and potential effects that are currently the subject of intensive research.

It is also important to note that cannabinoids exist in the plant in the form of acid precursors (such as THCA and CBDA) and are only converted into their active form (THC and CBD) when heated.

How can cannabis flowers be consumed?

Cannabis flowers can be consumed in different ways, with each method having its own unique characteristics and effects. It is important to note that cannabis use is regulated in many countries and is not legal everywhere.

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The most common method of consumption is smoking the flowers. This can be done by rolling joints, filling pipes, or using bongs. When you smoke, the cannabinoids enter the blood directly through the lungs and have an almost immediate effect.

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An increasingly popular method is vaporizing flowers in a vaporizer. With this method, the flowers are heated but not burned. The active ingredients are inhaled in the form of vapor.

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Cannabis can also be processed into foods, such as brownies or gummy bears. With this method, the cannabinoids enter the body via the digestive tract, resulting in a delayed but often more intense effect.

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Tinctures are liquid cannabis extracts that are dripped sublingually (under the tongue). This method allows the cannabinoids to be absorbed quickly through the oral mucosa.

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Topical applications

Cannabis can also be used in the form of creams or ointments that are applied to the skin.

Each of these consumption methods has its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of speed of onset, duration of effects, and intensity of effects. It is important to learn about the different methods and their potential effects in order to make an informed decision about consuming cannabis flower.

You can also use our products for CBD joints and CBD cigarettes

Effects of cannabis flowers

The effects of cannabis flowers vary due to the complex composition and individual factors. The main components, THC and CBD, interact with the human body's endocannabinoid system, which influences various physiological processes. The effects of cannabis flowers depend heavily on the form of consumption – whether through smoking, vaporizing or edibles. Personal experiences can vary greatly and are influenced by dosage, tolerance and individual biochemistry.

Dosage of cannabis flowers

The appropriate dosage of cannabis flower can vary and depends on several factors, including individual tolerance, consumption history, and the specific cannabinoid concentration of the strain used. It is important to adhere to legal regulations and recommendations, as uncontrolled consumption of cannabis flowers can lead to undesirable side effects.

Which doctor prescribes cannabis flowers?

Prescribing medical cannabis flowers, a recognized pain relief agent, is possible in countries where medical cannabis is legalized. Qualified physicians, who have often completed additional training or certification in cannabis medicine, can write a prescription for cannabis flower. These doctors include general practitioners, pain management specialists and neurologists, depending on the specific health condition for which cannabis is being considered as a treatment.

Patients interested in medical cannabis treatment should seek consultation with a licensed physician. This step is crucial to discuss individual treatment plans, dosages, and potential risks, especially considering the THC content and other ingredients in cannabis flowers. A prescription for medical cannabis can then be filled at a pharmacy.

In order to cover the costs of medical cannabis, patients should find out in advance about the specific conditions for covering the costs from their health insurance company. It is important that both patients and doctors are fully aware of the legal framework and regulations related to the medical use of cannabis.

In summary, access to medical cannabis flowers available in pharmacies with a prescription is a regulated process that requires careful medical supervision and advice. This ensures patients can reap the potential benefits of cannabis for pain relief while remaining well-informed about its use and dosage.

You can find out more about CBD here

Further questions

Mature cannabis flowers are typically dense, sticky, and rich in trichomes. They can have different colors such as green, purple or orange. Ripe flowers often have a strong smell, and the trichomes – tiny, crystalline structures – change from clear to milky or amber.

The drying time depends on the humidity and temperature of the environment. Even and slow drying is crucial to maintain quality and potency.

Cannabis flowers become thicker during the plant's flowering phase. In the final weeks of this phase, the flowers will increase in size and density as they produce more cannabinoids and trichomes.